India, one of the oldest civilizations, and its inherent multi-cultural society, Indian art and crafts have charmed many with their colorful traditions and versatility. India today is pulsating with the new vigor of economic and technological growth, yet the taste of traditions has survived unscathed. This is quite evident in the designing and manufacturing of gemstones jewelry in India.
The jewelry making crafts have a history of no less than 5000 years in India, when the man learnt to chisel flint stones into weapons for hunting, he also developed skills to fashion items of body décor. You can see highly ornamental jewelry articles excavated from the 5000 years old human settlement from the places called Mohan-jodaro and Harappa ( now known as Indus valley civilization) in the national museum of New Delhi. You cannot help marveling at the level of skills of the craftsmen of such an ancient age.
For some unknown reasons, the Indus valley civilization became extinct around 35oo years ago and a new civilization appeared , and it is populary known as the vedic age. It is during the vedic age that oldest Indian scriptures “Vedas” are supposed to have originated. It is the “vedic” Indians who perfected “yoga” system of mind and body training. This was the golden age of intellectual, political and economic development of the Indian sub-continent.
Subsequently, many tribes and peoples from beyond Hindukush ( now Afghanistan) invaded India for its fabled wealth. Some went back with spoils of wars, but many remained and slowly became indigenized. This cultural miscegenation brought multiple cultural and artistic influences from Greece ( Alexander’s Greece), central Asia, Mongolia and Persia. You can see still the influences of Indian history in the traditional crafts of India even today. The traditional jewelry artisans have imbibed many diverse influences in their designs and craftsmanship and as a result Indian handcrafted jewelry has found admirers from across the world.